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pine trees). Scientists are exploring a lost rainforest hidden in a Mozambique volcano for the first time ... Swaziland, South Africa and the United Kingdom. Various bird species feed on the larvae, and they are a important food source in the forest ecosystem. Found around the edges of lowland lakes and streams. Several Big Five reserves protect the more charismatic large mammals associated with the African savannah. dynamics are very competition driven and aids in high speciation and adaptation. The water holes of South Africa usually remain crowded with these animals. A forest is usually an area filled with trees is tall and This year, however, Forestry South Africa launched a brand-new, illustration-rich website called Forestry Explained.Aimed at people of all ages, this website has everything you ever wanted to know about forestry in our country. This type is found on slopes and in secluded valleys between the coast and the Mistbelt. Even though they cover only a small part of the earth, they house at least one half of all species. [2] A promising species is the fast-growing Trema orientalis which is appropriate for paper and pulp production; producing paper with good tensile strength and folding endurance. http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL78E394AB4F777BA1&feature=plcpFor more Wildlife Documentaries. Unique trees include Lebombo wattle (Newtonia hildebrandtii), red-heart tree (Hymenocardia ulmoides), lavender-leaved croton (Croton pseudopulchellus) and stink bushwillow (Pteleopsis myrtifolia). More than one million square miles of woodland is ablaze. List of forests of South Africa, among other terms used it usually means "an area with a high … Once found almost continuously along the KwaZulu-Natal coast. The extra moisture on the south slopes is not only favoured by forest trees, but also helps to prevent or subdue wildfires. African rainforests are being lost to deforestation at a rate of 0.3% every year – that’s 40 hectares per minute (whilst slower than the Amazon and South East Asia, this is still deeply worrying). Forests are South Africa is home to approximately 175 endemic bird species, as well as hundreds more species. Last month, South Africa's Department of Environmental Affairs approved the declaration of 20 marine protected areas, collectively covering 50,000 … A wide range of herbaceous plants are found in the forests, either as ground cover or in the trees as epiphytes. The water fig (Ficus verruculosa) and Kosi palm (Raphia australis) are characteristic species in Maputaland. Female lions do almost all of … Mountain cypress (Widdringtonia nodiflora) may occur on the forest margins. Various forest types can be distinguished, but many of these overlap or integrate with each other for example; coastal dune forest can fade into coastal lowland forest, which can in turn fade into riverine forest. There are very few places in South Africa that are affected by malaria, though. They have the highest species diversity per area in the world, containing millions of different species. Black-eyed susan (Thunbergia alata), wild cucumber (Coccinia palmata), climbing bamboo (Flagellaria guineensis) and flame lily (Gloriosa superba). The Republic of South Africa is in the southernmost region of the continent. South Africa Forest Information and Data According to the U.N. FAO, 7.6% or about 9,241,000 ha of South Africa is forested, according to FAO. Characteristic trees are: coastal red milkwood (Mimusops caffra), coast silver oak (Brachylaena discolor), dune soap-berry (Deinbollia oblongifolia) and Natal wild banana (Strelitzia nicolai). Londolozi Lodge – Sabi Sand Game Reserve. Best known are the mammals, and the best known of these are the famous Big Five: elephant, lion, rhino, leopard and buffalo. The forest tree fern (Cyathea capensis) is also found in these forests. high humidity, but under extremely hot and dry conditions fires may occur and The African bush elephant is herbivorous, eating a wide variety of plant matter. Occurs in favourable tidal estuaries along the coast. Many are locally adapted subspecies of animals found further north in Tropical Africa, such as the blue duiker and Samango monkey, but some are local endemic species like the dwarf chameleons (Bradypodion spp. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Grassland Biome. Areas of forest which grow in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa mostly on south facing slopes in higher rainfall areas, and along the humid coastal areas. Importance: The butterfly is in so large numbers that they act as a major food source for various birds and some animals in the forest system. Plants and animals are wildly adapted to overcome competition and cope in this frequent The Kruger National Park alone has well over 10 000 elephants and 20 000 buffaloes – in 1920 there were an estimated 120 elep… Several animals are adapted to living in these forests. ), Natal forest tree frog and bush squeaker frog. Forest soils are normally low in nutrients. The powder-puff tree (Barringtonia racemosa) and the wild cotton tree (Hibiscus tiliaceus) are sometimes classed as mangrove trees, but grow mostly along estuaries that are less tidal. [5][6], Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets, "Ongoye Forest Project: Preserving SA culture for the community", "KwaZulu-Natal Top Business | Umuziwabantu Municipality", List of Southern African indigenous trees and woody lianes, List of marine animals of the Cape Peninsula and False Bay, List of seaweeds of the Cape Peninsula and False Bay, Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands, Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests, Nieuwoudtville-Roggeveld Dolerite Renosterveld, Richtersveld Sandy Coastal Scorpionstailveld, Southern Namaqualand Quartzite Klipkoppe Shrubland, Southern Richtersveld Inselberg Shrubland, Stinkfonteinberge Eastern Apron Shrubland, Pondoland-Natal Sandstone Coastal Sourveld, Subantarctic Biotic Herbfield and Grassland, Addo Elephant National Park Marine Protected Area, Namaqua National Park Marine Protected Area, Table Mountain National Park Marine Protected Area, Agulhas Bank Complex Marine Protected Area, Browns Bank Complex Marine Protected Area, iSimangaliso Offshore Marine Protected Area, Namaqua Fossil Forest Marine Protected Area, Prince Edward Islands Marine Protected Area, Southeast Atlantic Seamounts Marine Protected Area, Southwest Indian Seamounts Marine Protected Area, Port Elizabeth Corals Marine Protected Area, Department of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries, Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality, South African Association for Marine Biological Research, South African Environmental Observation Network, South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology Virtual Museum, University of KwaZulu-Natal Botanical Garden, List of authors of South African botanical taxa, List of authors of South African animal taxa, Environmental impact of recreational diving, International Union for Conservation of Nature, South African Sustainable Seafood Initiative, National Environmental Management Act, 1998, National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, 10 of 2004, National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Act, 24 of 2008, National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act, 57 of 2003, List of field guides to South African biota, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Forests_of_KwaZulu-Natal&oldid=991325499, Articles with dead external links from March 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, South Africa articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 13:38. Of this 10.2% ( 947,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. FOREST fires in Africa are now more intense than those burning down large tracts of the Amazon rainforest. Characteristic trees are; yellowwoods (including Afrocarpus falcatus, Podocarpus latifolius and Podocarpus henkelii), Natal krantz ash (Atalaya natalensis), red stinkwood (Prunus Africana), sneezwood (Ptaeroxylon obliquum) and forest elder (Nuxia floribunda). destroy the forest structure. Trees found here include; flat-crown (Albizia adianthifolia), coastal goldenleaf (Bridelia micrantha), red beech (Protorhus longifolia), forest mahogany (Trichilia dregeana), forest fever-berry (Croton sylvaticus) and wild date palm (Phoenix reclinata). Non-flowering plants include; the ground cycad (Encephalartos villosus), stangeria cycad (Stangeria eriopus) and various mosses and ferns. mitigate natural hazards such as floods. Many are locally adapted subspecies of animals found further north in Tropical Africa, such as the blue duiker and Samango monkey, but some are local endemic species like the dwarf chameleons (Bradypodion spp. International Forest Day falls on the exact same day as Human Rights Day in South Africa, so it’s mostly ignored. Trees were harvested for timber and coastal forests were destroyed to plant sugarcane. This butterfly adapted to survive in the forest ecosystem by having a fast life … Some of these animals find most or all of their food high in the trees of the canopy so that they will rarely, if ever, need to go to the rainforest floor. Various lianas and climbers are also common plants in these forests. Fires can also be blocked by cliff faces and rocks or boulders on these slopes, and by streams or rivers at the base of the slopes. This forest type occurs along natural waterways, even in dry areas that would not normally support forest. 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