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lantana common name

1 - 2 in. Lantana camara (common lantana) is a species of flowering plant within the verbena family (Verbenaceae), native to the American tropics. form a strategic partnership called N.C. It is toxic to livestock such as cattle, sheep, horses, and goats. [10][11] It first spread out of the Americas when it was brought to Europe by Dutch explorers and cultivated widely, soon spreading further into Asia and Oceania where it has established itself as a notorious weed, and in Goa it was introduced by the Portuguese. [16], The leaves are broadly ovate, opposite, and simple and have a strong odour when crushed.[17]. Species: Lantana horrida Kunth Species: Lantana insularis Moldenke – island lantana : Species: Lantana involucrata L. – buttonsage : Species: Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Other common names of L. camara include big-sage (Malaysia), wild-sage, red-sage, white-sage (Caribbean), korsu wiri or korsoe wiwiri (Suriname), tickberry (South Africa), West Indian lantana, , umbelanterna and Gu Phool in Assam, India. [29] This can be particularly destructive in dry, arid areas where fire can spread quickly and lead to the loss of large areas of natural ecosystem. Common lantana (L. camara) is the most cultivated form of the group. Lantana moritziana Otto & A.Dietr. VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. Flower colour; life form. Colors vary from yellow, red, white, pink, and orange. Thankfully, botanist August von Hayek re-named it Lantana urticoides, calling upon its resemblance with nettles (the Urtica family) in … [6] Instead it grows at the forest edge. [35] L. camara also excretes allelopathic chemicals, which reduce the growth of surrounding plants by inhibiting germination and root elongation. Lantana aculeata L.[2] Common name. In frost free areas, it grows as a low, trailing, woody shrub to only 12-20" tall, but spreads by vine-like stems to 5' wide or more. [19][20] It is found frequently in east and southern Africa, where it occurs at altitudes below 2000 m, and often invades previously disturbed areas such as logged forests and areas cleared for agriculture. Southern Living Plant Collection 2.5 qt. This evergreen prickly climber is a member of the Verbena family and originates from tropical America. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class [36], The toxicity of L. camara to humans is undetermined, with several studies suggesting that ingesting berries can be toxic to humans, such as a study by O P Sharma which states "Green unripe fruits of the plant are toxic to humans". Scientific Name. [40], The lack of success using biological control in this case is most likely due to the many hybrid forms of L. camara, as well as its large genetic diversity which makes it difficult for the control agents to target all plants effectively. It was the first weed ever subjected to biological control; however, none of the programs have been successful despite 36 control agents being used across 33 regions. Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub 1-4 m tall, sometimes growing as a disorganized climber but reaching well up into the trees. The scientific name of the common lantana flower is lantana montevidensis. It can typically be found in woodlands. The most effective way of chemically treating plant species is to first mow the area, then spray the area with a weed-killer, although this may have serious environmental consequences. [45], Lantana camara has been grown specifically for use as an ornamental plant since Dutch explorers first brought it to Europe from the New World. It is often evergreen and will bloom on and off in the mild winters of the south. L. aculeata L.; Camara vulgaris Benth. Lantana depressa Small – depressed shrubverbena : Species: Lantana exarata Urb. Invasion of Exotic Weeds in the Natural Forests of Tropical India due to Forest Fire – A Threat to Biodiversity. [23] There is also evidence that L. camara is still increasing its range in areas where it has been established for many years, such as East Africa, Australia and New Zealand. [33][34] The active substances causing toxicity in grazing animals are pentacyclic triterpenoids, which result in liver damage and photosensitivy. This naturalized ornamental garden plant is native to Central and South America. lahn-TAHN-ah kah-MAR-ah. This is a climbing perennial (lives more than 2 years) shrub which forms dense thickets. Lantana will perennialize in the warm coastal areas of N.C. Lantana montevidensis, commonly called trailing lantana or weeping lantana, is native to tropical areas of South America. Camara vulgaris[3]. It is also relatively fire tolerant and can quickly establish itself in recently burnt areas of forest. Previously known as: Camara vulgaris. popularity and diffusion. [14] Due to extensive selective breeding throughout the 17th and 18th Centuries for use as an ornamental plant, there are now many different L. camara cultivars. Lantana glandulosissima Hayek; Lantana mexicana Turner; Lantana mixta Medik. native to the West Indies, Mexico to Tropical America. Orange, Red, Pink, Purple; shrubs, scramblers. [3] Its ability to last for a relatively long time without water, and the fact that it does not have many pests or diseases which affect it, have contributed to it becoming a common ornamental plant. S. Ranwala, B. Marambe, S. Wijesundara, P. Silva, D. Weerakoon, N. Atapattu, J. Gunawardena, L. Manawadu, G. Gamage. [21][28], L. camara is considered to be a weed in large areas of the Paleotropics where it has established itself. Scientific Name. L. camara reduces the productivity in pasture through the formation of dense thickets, which reduce growth of crops as well as make harvesting more difficult. Because of dense patches of hard spikes on their rind, ingestion of them can result in serious damage to the digestive tract. There are now dwarf forms of the plant as well as the trailing and bushy varieties of lantana. A species of flowering plant native to American tropics, Lantana camara or otherwise known in various common names such as wild sage, red sage, big sage, white sage, tick berry, Lantana verbena, and shrub sage is an invasive, small, perennial shrub growing around 2m tall forming dense thickets. Lantana bark is astringent and used as a lotion in leprous ulcers and other skin eruptions. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The last name is the 431,188 th most widely held family name on earth, held by around 1 in 9,132,263 people. Insects and other biocontrol agents have been implemented with varying degrees of success in an attempt to control L. camara. aculeata ; Lantana crocea Jacq. LAAC3. Scientific Name : Lantana camara Common Name : Lantana Hardiness Degree : 32°F (0.0°C) Blooming Season : Summer Plant Habit : Mounded Characteristics : Attracts Butterflies, Deer Resistant, Drought Tolerant, Attracts Hummingbirds, Scented Foliage, Heat Tolerant Water : Light Fertilize : Once a week Spacing : 12" (30cm) Height : 12-16" (30-41cm) Width : 12-14" (30-36cm) There are also secondary impacts, including the finding that in Africa, mosquitos which transmit malaria and tsetse flies shelter within the bushes of L. A recent study in India has shown some results around biological control of this plant using tingid bugs.[41]. [3], L. camara has small tubular shaped flowers, which each have four petals and are arranged in clusters in terminal areas stems. Up to 12,000 fruits can be produced by each plant[18] which are then eaten by birds and other animals which can spread the seeds over large distances, facilitating the spread of L. camara. L. camara also attracts butterflies and birds and is frequently used in butterfly gardens. Lantana camara L. var. The native range of Lantana camara is Central and South America; however, it has become naturalised in around 60 tropical and sub-tropical countries worldwide. Common lantana (L. camara), growing to 3 metres (10 feet) tall, is a weed in tropical America, but elsewhere it is much used as a garden plant.It blooms almost continuously with yellow, orange, pink, and white flower heads in various colour combinations. Similar Photos See All. Lantana Horrida. "The Names of Plants". Lantana is a gregarious, erect or half-climbing, somewhat hairy aromatic shrub; when erect, usually 1 to 2 meters high and when scandent, twice as high. Lantana camara is found in a variety of environments, including: L. camara is rarely found in natural or semi-natural areas of forest, as it is unable to compete with taller trees due to its lack of tolerance for shade. Leave are matt, mid-green, deeply veined and sometimes hairy. This plant has medium severity poison characteristics. LACAF. After pollination occurs the colour of the flowers changes (typically from yellow to orangish, pinkish, or reddish); this is believed to be a signal to pollinators that the pre-change colour contains a reward as well as being sexually viable, thus increasing pollination efficiency. ; Lantana armata Schauer; Lantana scabrida Sol. Stems are long and weak, square in cross section, prickly (spiny) with glands on young parts. Its showy orange blooms give the plant an almost tropical feel. Common name. spherical clusters of tubular white, red, pink, or yellow flowers, with five lobes in a flat-topped cluster on a long stalk. In agricultural areas or secondary forests it can become the dominant understorey shrub, crowding out other native species and reducing biodiversity. flava (Medik.) Using herbicides to manage L. camara is very effective but also expensive, prohibiting its use in many poorer countries where L. camara is well established. The flowers of L. camara are small and tubular, and arranged in clusters in terminal areas stems. "Lantana - Weed of National Significance", "FLORAL COLOR CHANGES AS CUES FOR POLLINATORS", "Lantana and Hagonoy: Poisonous weeds prominent in rangeland and grassland areas", "Forest Invasive Species: Country Report", Post-entry risk assessment of invasive alien flora in Sri Lanka-present status, GAP analysis, and the most troublesome alien invaders, "Effect of weeds Lantana camara and Chromelina odorata growth on the species diversity, regeneration and stem density of tree and shrub layer in BRT sanctuary", "Karnataka gets nature's gift to fight deadly weed - Times of India", "Jamaica's Critically Endangered Butterfly: A Review of the Biology and Conservation Status of the Homerus Swallowtail (Papilio (Pterourus) homerus Fabricius)". Branches four-sided with recurved prickles. The plant is native to the Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean (i.e. Moldenke. Uncategorised. Lantana camara L. var. Some varieties, such as 'Miss Huff', 'Ham and Eggs' and 'Chapel Hill Yellow'  are frost-hardy throughout the warmer areas of the Piedmont. Lantana camara commonly known as common lantana is a species of flowering plant within the verbena family (Verbenaceae). It was originally introduced as a garden plan and according to Florabase ‘is now considered one of the world’s 10 worst weeds’. [10], L. camara can outcompete native species, leading to a reduction in biodiversity. LACAH. Lantana aculeata L. LACAA. Pentacyclic triterpenoids, Triterpenes (lantadene A & B), Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers. Effective management of invasive L. camara in the long term will require a reduction in activities that create degraded habitats. Preferred Scientific Name. Scientific Name: Lantana camara Common Name(s): Monarch Butterfly on Lantana camara Photo Credit Tracie Bowers Common Lantana, Lantana Categories: Perennial, Ground Cover, Poisonous Plant, Shrub Comment: Some varieties of Lantana will become perennials in the Piedmont, check the label for hardiness. orange or red fleshy berry-like drupe turns metallic blue or purple-black. [24][25], It was introduced into the Philippines from Hawaii as part of an exchange program between the United States and the Philippines; however, it managed to escape and has become naturalized in the islands. [9] The ability of L. camara to rapidly colonise areas of land which have been disturbed has allowed it to proliferate in countries where activities such as logging, clearance for agriculture and forest fires are common. 'Miss Huff' is the most cold-hardy lantana and makes a great choice for mass planting along rock walls or hillsides and it even does well in containers on the patio. The species got this name due to the fact that these lantanas produce a strong pungent smell that can affect people who are sensitive to scents. Lantana camara stalks have been used in the construction of furniture, such as chairs and tables;[42] however, the main uses have historically been medicinal and ornamental. [4][5] Other common names of L. camara include big-sage (Malaysia), wild-sage, red-sage, white-sage (Caribbean), korsu wiri or korsoe wiwiri (Suriname), tickberry (South Africa),[6] West Indian lantana,[7] umbelanterna, and Gu Phool in Assam, India. Weed * Stem. The lamina (an expanded portion of the leaf) is pear or oval shaped, pointed to broadly-rounded apex, rounded base, round or regular toothed margins with wrinkled and strigose (sharp appressed rigid bristly hairs) upper surface. Description. Lantana common names Common Names for the Lantana camara complex: The common name conundrum. As an ornamental, L. camara is often cultivated indoors, or in a conservatory, but can also thrive in a garden with sufficient shelter. 'Bandara Lemon Zest' form, foliage and flowers. Studies conducted in India have found that Lantana leaves can display antimicrobial, fungicidal and insecticidal properties. The fruit of L. camara is a berry-like drupe which turns from green to dark purple when mature. Lantana, genus of more than 150 shrubs native to tropical America and Africa and belonging to the verbena family (Verbenaceae), order Lamiales. [44] Extracts from the plant have also been used in Brazil to treat respiratory infections. Cambridge University Press. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. The Texas lantana, however, as you may gather from its common name, is native to Texas, as well as Mississippi, Arizona, Louisiana, and New Mexico. It is regarded as a significant environmental weed in Queensland, New South Wales, and on Norfolk Island, and as a potentially significant environmental weed in Western Australia and the Northern Territory. It has been found to have antimicrobial, fungicidal and insecticidal properties. Gledhill, David (2008). L. camara can survive in a wide range of climatic conditions, including drought, different soil types, heat, humidity and salt. Lantana camara (common lantana) is a species of flowering plant within the verbena family (Verbenaceae), native to the American tropics. [8] It has spread from its native Central and South America to around 50 countries,[9] where it has become an invasive species. The genus name is derived from the epithet of Viburnum lantana, because of the close resemblance of their inflorescences and opposite leaves. Lantana flowers are very attractive to butterflies, berries are eaten by birds. Lantana camara. The leaves are broadly ovate, opposite, and simple, and exhibit stron… Lantana belongs to the Verbenaceae family, which is made up of 35 genera and over 1 200 species. Lantana. Golden Yellow Pot of Gold Little Lucky Lantana, Live Perennial/Annual Plant with Reblooming Flowers Model# 3827Q $ 22 98 Scientific Name: Lantana camara Common Name: Lantana Plant Characteristics. Lantana. Plant Name. When the leaves are crushed, a strong and … The plant will bloom in part sun but for the best flower production full sun is necessary. Lantana camara, Lantana montevidensis. It is typically grown as a dense ground cover. Lantana camara, commonly called lantana or shrub verbena, is native to the Central and South America. Physical removal can be effective but is labour-intensive and expensive,[6] therefore removal is usually only appropriate in small areas or at the early stages of an infestation. 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