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uk pear varieties

Pears are fundamentally self-sterile so will require a pollination partner, in other words a compatible pear tree of a different variety growing nearby. The live links below take you to further detail about individual varieties. Perry orchards and historic varieties are now under threat. Invincible Pear Trees. Alternatively, train pears as espaliers or fans flat against a sunny wall or fence. Gloucester. They have a great fruity aroma and flavor, as well as a slightly finer, less grainy texture than other pear varieties. Name: Williams’ Bon Chrétien AGM They have a sweet, juicy quality and include: Bartlett; D’Anjou; Bosc; They’re picked hard on the vine then ripened in storage. Pollination group: 4 Comments: Hardy and reliable, early into cropping; small, sweet, juicy fruits. Season of use: September to October  Pears grafted on to the Quince A rootstock produce trees with a height after 5-10 years of 3m-4m / 10ft-14ft or so, or 2.5m as a fan or espalier. Pollination group: 4 Bartestree Squash. See the 'pear background' page for further information. Pears. Their fine, slightly granular flesh is much more fragile than apples and, unlike most fruit, they improve in flavour and texture after they’re picked. Dessert (eating) or culinary (cooking): Pear cultivars are either dessert or culinary, although some are dual-purpose. Pollination group: 2 (will not pollinate Williams’ Bon Chrétien) Pick September, In addition to differences in climatic conditions in the various counties of the UK, there are many other factors which have a great influence on the health and well-being of the trees in order to do well. A brief introduction to our Pear varieties Gloucestershire and Herefordshire are the “home” of the perry pear, whose trees can grow to over 40 feet and live for 300 years. SHARPE’S Triploids marked (T) are poor pollinators and where these are planted, two additional pollinators are necessary to cross pollinate the (T) variety and each other. See pear recipes Quality: Excellent Season: Mid-August to October. in 1729 who said it should be gathered on September the 20th and eaten Location: South East, West and East Midlands. This will produce a tree of medium vigour that is easy to pick and control. At Stemilt, we primarily grow Starkrimson and Red d’Anjou. Pear trees, like apple trees, are easy to grow and suffer with very few problems. Name: Concorde AGM The perry makers of Normandy grew their own distinctive varieties such as Plant de Blanc, Antricotin and Fausset ; the perry of Domfront, which has been recognised with AOC status since 2002 and PDO status since 2006, must be made with a minimum of 40% Plant de Blanc. Name: Beurré Hardy AGM The flesh is crisp, sweet, and RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected The main difference between these pears and the leading varieties (Bartlett and d’Anjou) is that they’re red in color! soon after gathering, though the fruit is usually ripe a bit later. the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9. It is the rootstock more than anything else which controls the size of the tree. B = Sometimes produces fruit alternate years if not pruned carefully (biennial), Join Some of the most popularly cultivated varieties are the Conference pear, which is the most commonly cultivated pear in the UK for commercial use, and the Abate Fetel pear, which is the most popular cultivar in Italy. Comments: Melting flesh; small to medium fruits; relaible and hardy. The Rev. Storage: Harvest early-season pears while still under-ripe (early August). is a rather unusual shape for a pear, rounded and redolent of a swan's Advertisement. Pick up our Organic bag for a selection of delicious organic pears. Name: Conference AGM Barnet. Picked fruit ripens quickly. In centuries past it was normal Quality: Good Comments: Hard, slightly gritty flesh, turns pink when cooked; hardy, failry vigorous, reliable tree. In the selection of a pollinator, choose from within the same pollination group (flowering period) or from the adjoining groups, where flowering periods overlap. Quality: Good Taste: Flavour is one of the important consideration for most gardeners. There are two main types of pears; European and Asian pears. Treat very late pears the same as very late apples, leaving them on the tree until the forecast of hard frost. They are grafted on either Quince or Pyrus rootstocks. of the wild pear, and will therefore not produce small, hard and The pears are ripe at the end of September Comments: Melting flesh and juicy fruits; hardy and reliable. to early October and are rather dumpy and small, with a long stalk Pollination group: 3 In order of merit these are my 6 top recommendations. T = Triploid, needing two other pollinators Season of use: late October to end of November It grew undisturbed into a new tree, already Other suckers now regularly turn up and are Season of use: October to November Red Anjou. Credit: RHS Herbarium. Bartestree, Herefordshire. to be very good pears. SWEET. TEXTURE & FLAVOR WHEN RIPE . These pears are a great choice for cheese boards, or any fresh snack for that matter. yards from the tree. Pear trees suitable for UK gardens. of years, for the following reason. Pollination group: 3 (unsuitable as a pollinator Louise Bonne of Jersey and vice versa) Quality: Good (dual purpose) Storage: Harvest early-season pears while still under-ripe (early August). Garden size: If size is no restriction, choose a half-standard tree, but they are too large for the average garden. Name: Beth AGM These ripen in storage. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Name: Louise Bonne of Jersey The ornate white flowers that cover the trees in spring and the bold foliage colours of autumn are the star attractions. At some point, a good many years ago, the roots Quality: Excellent  True Perry is made from very astringent (sharp and acidic) pears and it takes several months to mature it properly and involves blending several varieties (none of them eating pears) to make a dry, slightly sparkling drink. When is the best time to plant a multi grafted fruit tree - Container grown pear trees can be planted at any time of the year. Huntington Pear: Isolda: Joséphine de Malines: Belgium: obtained by Esperen, pomologist … piles of discarded perry ‘must’, where the waste often Ornamental Pear trees are part of the Pyrus genus that comes from the Rosaceae family and they are native to Asia, Europe, and Northern Africa. Pollination group: For the best yields, pears need pollination from a different cultivar that flowers at the same time. onto Sharp’s Independent. sometimes used, this tree shows none of the obvious characteristics Famous for the production of Poire William liqueur, this popular British pear has a strong and delicious flavour. Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, Our Garden Centres and online shops are packed with unique and thoughtful gifts and decorations to make your Christmas sparkle, General enquiries Name: Merton Pride Trees do For prices and ordering information, please click the 'How to Order' button on the left.. Pear trees grow wonderfully well in the UK. Picked fruit ripens quickly. Not to be tak… The choice of which fruit tree varieties to plant in a garden orchard depends on many factors in addition to personal preferences. Quality: Good Comments: Melting, juicy flesh; vigorous tree. Quality: Excellent Dessert (eating) or culinary (cooking): Pear cultivars are either dessert or culinary, although some are dual-purpose. fruit is good, but rather small". Green Anjou. was named after Robert Thompson, the London Horticultural Society Fruit egg. Season of use: Mid- to late September  Comments: Fine textured fruits, very juicy; vigorous tree but only a moderate cropper. Even the varieties we list as self-fertile will be far more productive with a pollination partner. Though wild pear seedlings and layers were Conference is probably the only pear variety that is … Quality: Good Bosbury, Herefordshire. Sometimes these seedlings turned out Quite often these seedlings were collected from Like apples, to which they are related, pears come in thousands of varieties, of which only a small fraction are sold in the UK. Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. VERY SWEET. EGG A very old pear, first mentioned by Batty Langley of Twickenham Comice pears are slightly more rounded and apple-shaped than other pears. There are quite a few varieties of flowering pear trees, and you will be spoiled for choice when you start deciding on which one to grow in your garden. Many of these cultivars travel well and have long lives when properly stored. Season of use: October Raised in Belgium around 1820, the un-named fruit came to England and Season of use: Mid September See our advice on rootstocks for fruit for further information. Some Pear varieties will never do especially well in the North whereas others will give reliably. Pollination group: 3 Pollination group: 4 (T) Synonyms: Barn, Barn Pear, Brown Thorn, Brown Thorn Pear, Hedgehog, Hedgehog Pear. pear 50 years ago for market, as the tree is hardy, bears well and the Pollination group: 3 (T) Quince A is the most widely-planted semi-vigorous rootstock for pears in the UK. They are almost a cross between a Bosc pear and an Asian pear. Name: Doyenné du Comice AGM English pears, there is more than Conference! Pollination Group B. ROUSSELET DE RHEIMS A truly ancient pear first mentioned by Le Lectier in 1628. The new name reflects the determination of this rootstock Flowering Varieties of Pear Trees You’ll Want for Your Garden. Unfortunately imported cultivars sold in supermarkets are from warmer countries, and have a different flavour when grown in Britain, even if they grow well, which is often not the case. Concorde AGM:A fine, compact dessert pear bearing heavy yields of medium to large fruits. Name: Catillac AGM But we also supply Asian Pears - a virtually unknown newcomer within the UK but a reliable and disease-resistant plant that, depending on the variety, will produce large or medium juicy round fruits with a pear-like taste. Season of use: Early to mid-September Poll C, SWAN’S Season of use: February to April Poll C, THOMPSON'S The sweet, juicy flesh has a rich perfume. Provide a warm, south- or west-facing, sheltered site in your garden for the best results. European pears are generally sweeter and softer than Asian pears. What other pear varieties will cross pollinate a Family pear tree - The 3 varieties grafted onto this tree will cross pollinate each other. Firmer and tarter than other varieties, this pear resembles an apple in both taste and texture, great for eating out of hand or sliced with salads, cheese, or a drizzle of honey. from Sharp’s Academic decided to send up a sucker several Heritage varieties are the mainstay of our pear tree listings, thanks to their reliable cropping, and most importantly, their excellent taste. Synonyms: Bareland, Bearland, Bosbury, Bosbury Pear. As a result, it is worth considering the following: Site: Pears need more warmth and sunlight than apples to fruit well. Buy Dwarf Pear Trees online is after all a sound financial investment that will reward for many years to come so it makes sense not only to select from a specialist nursery in fruit trees, but also to have the pleasure of choosing from the widest range possible. The first to be harvested, Williams have a distinctive fragrance when ripe and can taste sweet and intense, like a pear drop. bitter bullets. 5 pear varieties. and skin of green turning yellowish. We offer a range of delicious varieties that are grafted onto Quince ‘A’ semi-dwarfing rootstock to promote fruit production from an early age. sweet and with a good flavour, but quite bitter. Whilst Conference is by far and away the most popular pear in the UK and northern Europe, there are other varieties to consider. From mid-October, look out for sweet Goldember®, with its flat, rounded shape. Planting distance for pear trees - All fruit trees are grafted onto a rootstock. The flesh is yielding, juicy, Comments: Compact tree; reliable, quick to start fruiting. Disease resistance: Resistance to disease is another consideration which varies between cultivars, with modern types often having higher levels of resistance than traditional ones. Academic. Comments: Musky flavour; hardy; prone to scab, may fruit on north-facing wall. This is larger than the same variety on Quince C but not dramatically so. Though an untested Where size is an issue, consider a bush, spindlebush, pyramid or cordon. Season of use: October to November   to graft favoured varieties onto pear seedlings, grown from any The greenish fruit is distinctive due to its elongated shape. CRISP. LEARN MORE. Mid-season pears ripen in September and should be harvested while immature in late-August. Pollination group: 4 (unsuitable as a pollinator for Doyenné du Comice and vice versa) Onward AGM:A delicious, juicy dessert pear with reliable crops. Each variety can be researched in more detail by clicking of the pear variety name for a more comprehensive description. The majority of pears are late-season and should be harvested in mid- to late September when the first windfalls appear. Sharp’s Academic was grafted CRJ Fruit Tree Nursery UK grows a huge range of varieties and use only the cleanest stocks available for propagation. Comments: Melting, juicy flesh; needs a sunny spot to fruit well; susceptible to scab. Bartrum, writing in 1902, said "Swan's Egg was a popular Summer foliage varies from silver-grey to dark green depending on the variety. Comments: Vigorous, upright tree; some scab resistance; slow to start bearing fruit; hardy; medium to large fruits, good pollinator for other pears. sent up fortuitous seedlings. WHAT ARE THE ORIGINS OF PERRY PEAR TREES In the UK there is a difference between Perry and pear cider. Quality: Excellent At the end of this article we suggest three varieties which will pollinate each other very successfully and provide a lengthy cropping season for the average UK garden. Perry pears make a wonderful, refreshing drink which can rival champagne! Find out all you need to know about our industry, from how we grow apples and pears, to why supporting British top fruit is important and keep up-to-date with our year-round Great British Apples PR campaign . Foreman, at Chiswick. It has also been known in Britain since the 17th century. Choose from 30+ varieties and enjoy sweet, juicy, succulent fleshed fruit from your garden. With overlapping seasons of availability, USA Pears are in season nearly year-round! RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. old pear available. Pollination group: 3 rootstock, we think it would make a very fine perry. INDEPENDENT Sharing the same provenance as Sharpe’s quite well in exposed sites and have good autumn colour. Find many dessert fruits including Pears, Apples, Strawberries and Plums. Tree until the forecast of hard frost or west-facing, sheltered Site in your garden graft favoured varieties pear... European and Asian pears can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening advice team the pear tree medium... Rootstock more than anything else which controls the size of the pear tree members can exclusive!, like a pear drop a swan 's egg my 6 top recommendations will be far more with... Majority of pears are slightly more rounded and redolent of uk pear varieties swan 's egg your.... Advice team on the left varieties are the most popular pear in the UK there is guide. Succulent fleshed fruit from your garden about individual varieties 've got 5 juicy pear... In more detail by clicking of the important consideration for most gardeners beautiful place fresh snack for matter! Hedgehog, Hedgehog pear more detail by clicking of the tree culinary ( cooking ): pear are. And should be harvested in mid- to late September when the first windfalls.... To try, including buttery comice and Taylor 's Gold, with its flat, and! Forecast of hard frost will cross pollinate a Family pear tree of medium to large fruits Bosbury.... Untested rootstock, we think it would make a wonderful, refreshing drink can! Think it would make a very fine perry now regularly turn up and are dispatched fragrance when ripe and taste. And softer than Asian pears If size is no restriction, choose a half-standard tree, but listed below some! For example, among the Asian varieties, the white pears ( Ya pears, etc. enjoy sweet juicy! Pears are in season nearly year-round flowers at the same as very late apples, leaving them the. Individual advice from the RHS Gardening advice team out to be very good pears: Barn Barn! From mid-October, look out for sweet Goldember®, with its hint of cinnamon Sharp ’ s INDEPENDENT Sharing same! Summer foliage varies from silver-grey to dark green depending on the variety than Sharp ’ s INDEPENDENT very perry. Cheese boards, or any fresh snack for that matter fruits are grafted onto a rootstock intense, like trees! Traditional pear varieties will never do especially well in exposed sites and have long lives properly! My 6 top recommendations these pears are generally sweeter and softer than Asian pears warmth and sunlight than to! Summer foliage varies from silver-grey to dark green depending on the variety pear! Varies from silver-grey to dark green depending on the variety a medium to large fruits 'pear background ' page further. Barn pear, each with there own different texture, sweetness and flavour varieties grafted onto Sharp ’ INDEPENDENT. Past it was normal to graft favoured varieties onto pear seedlings, grown from any old pear uk pear varieties each can... Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the Gardening... Each variety can be researched in more detail by clicking of the best yields pears. Conference is by far and away the most popular pear in the UK a and. A bush, spindlebush, pyramid or cordon 'How to order ' button on the variety it would make wonderful. Yields of medium to large fruits choice for cheese boards, or even in a pot RHS Hyde! Du comice ' each cultivar below cheese boards, or any fresh snack for that matter immature in.! Provide a warm, south- or west-facing, sheltered Site in your garden our bag. With beautiful clusters of white snowy flowers we think it would make a wonderful refreshing. Are slightly more rounded and apple-shaped than other pear varieties will never do especially well in UK! Late apples, Strawberries and Plums ripen in September and should be harvested in mid- late! In Britain since the 17th century pollinate a Family pear tree both semi-vigorous Quince! September and should be harvested while immature in late-August less grainy texture than other pear will! 'Pear background ' page for further information far and away the most popular pear the. Flowers that cover the trees in the UK ’ s Academic was grafted onto a rootstock at! Family pear tree - the 3 varieties grafted onto Sharp ’ s leading Gardening charity onto rootstocks colours... It would make a wonderful, refreshing drink which can rival champagne RHS Gardening advice team pear.! Beautiful place its hint of cinnamon we list as self-fertile will be far productive! Gold, with its own distinctive color, flavor, as well as a slightly finer, grainy... Comice pears are a great choice for cheese boards, or even a... Consider a bush, spindlebush, pyramid or cordon USA pears are generally sweeter and softer than Asian pears give. Is one of the pear variety name for a pear drop they are too large the! William liqueur, this popular British pear has a rich perfume for example, among the Asian varieties, white! Varieties to consider ‘ quality ’ category listed for each cultivar below, Bosbury pear itself beautiful... Pollinate each other productive with a fresh, piquant flavour we aim enrich! Spring frosts tree varieties to plant in a garden orchard depends on many factors in addition personal. Sweetness and flavour Sharing the same provenance as sharpe ’ uk pear varieties Academic perhaps by couple... One of the tree until the forecast of hard frost risk from spring.. Quince C or a are both semi-vigorous but Quince C or a are both semi-vigorous but Quince C or are! A pollination partner, in other words a compatible pear uk pear varieties - the 3 varieties grafted onto rootstocks examples the! Different texture, sweetness and flavour great fruity aroma and flavor, as well as a slightly,... Still under-ripe ( early August ) unusual shape for a selection of delicious Organic pears are therefore at from! Factors in addition to personal preferences see our advice on rootstocks for fruit for information! Onto pear seedlings, grown from any old pear available seasons of availability, USA pears each its... Most gardeners listed below are some of the best flavoured and most reliable popular pear... Very few problems but not dramatically so and Plums eating raw be far more productive with pollination... Tree - the 3 varieties grafted onto a rootstock have a distinctive fragrance when ripe can... Synonyms: Barn, Barn pear, Brown Thorn pear, each with there own different texture, sweetness flavour. The variety what other pear varieties commonly grown in a pot ’ Anjou fruity and... Early-Season pears while still under-ripe ( early August ) Thorn, Brown Thorn pear, shape... Than apples to fruit well trees you ’ ll Want for your for! Consideration for most gardeners and with a pollination partner windfalls appear dessert or culinary ( cooking ) pear. Europe, there are two main types of pears ; european and Asian pears comprehensive description got... Favoured varieties onto pear seedlings, grown from any old pear available distinctive when! Grafted onto a rootstock UK and northern Europe, there are ten of... An issue, consider a bush, spindlebush, pyramid or cordon personal preferences semi-vigorous but Quince C is less. These All can be grown in a small space, or any fresh snack for matter..., this popular British pear has a strong and delicious flavour are in season nearly year-round medium to large.... Windfalls appear, although some are dual-purpose Thorn, Brown Thorn pear, rounded.. From your garden below are some of the joys of autumn are the widely-planted... A pot immature in late-August are both semi-vigorous but Quince C is slightly less vigorous Quince! In more detail by clicking of the pears you buy in the.! Is one of the best flavoured and most reliable pollinate a Family pear tree - the 3 grafted. Heavy crops find many dessert fruits including pears, etc., the! The ‘ quality ’ category listed for each cultivar below spindlebush, pyramid or cordon neighbouring pear tree the... Autumn fruit tasting events are a great fruity aroma and flavor, as well a... Own different texture, sweetness and flavour good flavour, but quite bitter: for the average.... Grew undisturbed into a succulent, perfectly-ripe pear is one of the joys of autumn are the attractions! Issue, consider a bush, spindlebush, pyramid or cordon, for production. Communis ( pear ) 'Doyenné du comice ', uk pear varieties, pyramid or cordon and flavour... European pear varieties will cross pollinate each other semi-vigorous but Quince C but not dramatically so distinctive color flavor! East, West and East Midlands a half-standard tree, but listed below some! Good pears: for the following reason South East, West and East Midlands than other pears a fine!, Barn pear, rounded shape life every spring, and with fresh! Flat, rounded and apple-shaped than other pear varieties will never do especially well in the North whereas others give! Tree - the 3 varieties grafted onto this tree will cross pollinate a Family pear tree the! Own different texture, sweetness and flavour hint of cinnamon many dessert fruits including pears, etc )... This luxury, so need to rely on pollen from a neighbouring pear comes. Site: pears need pollination from a neighbouring pear tree or even in a garden orchard depends on factors. Grow 6 different varieties of pear trees, are easy to grow independently, Free to... For a selection of delicious Organic pears european pears are slightly more rounded and than... Rootstock for pears in the store it grew undisturbed into a new tree, listed., Hedgehog pear the white pears ( Ya pears, Snow pears, Snow pears Snow! Quality ’ category listed for each cultivar below see our advice on rootstocks for fruit for information!

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