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asiatic wildcat iucn

Some au­thor­i­ties rec­og­nize F. s. sil­vestris as a species dis­tinct from both F. s. ly­bica and F. s. or­nata. It has been photographed recently in Afghanistan, Armenia, Iraq and Tajikistan, but its status in those countries is still unknown. The wildcats of Central Asia have a more greyish-yellow or reddish background color, marked distinctly with small black or red-brown spots. After rodents, birds follow in importance, along with reptiles, fish, insects, eggs, grass stalks and nuts (which probably enter the cat's stomach through pheasant crops). The wildcat's distribution is very broad, encompassing most of Africa, Europe, and southwest and central Asia into India, China, and Mongolia. [5] In subsequent years, several naturalists described spotted wildcat zoological specimens from Asian range countries and proposed names, including: In the 1940s, Reginald Innes Pocock reviewed the collection of wildcat skins and skulls in the Natural History Museum, London and subordinated all the spotted wildcat specimens to Felis lybica, arguing that size of skulls and teeth do not differ from those from African range countries. Indian Desert Cat. [21] It has been recorded in Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary,[22] in Madhya Pradesh and Mirzapur forests. It is also known as the Asian steppe wildcat and Indian desert cat. The first groups the bush and steppe cats of Africa and Asia (Felis lybica), previously known as the African Wildcat and the Asian or Asiatic Wildcat, into one species now called the African-Asiatic Wildcat. The Asiatic wildcat was previously thought to e a su species of Felis silvestris. Moreover, it is not clear if the domestic cat, genetically very similar to the wildcat, should be considered as a separate species (F. catus) or as a subspecies of the wildcat (F. s. catus). Steppe Wildcat. They often have small, dark ear tufts that are rarely seen in other populations. In 2004, their number was 3,863. [1] It is also known as the Asian steppe wildcat and Indian desert cat. It is a subspecies of the Wildcat. The Asiatic wildcat is widely distributed from the Caucasus and Turkey to western India, northward to Kazakhstan, western China and southern Mongolia. Acinonyx jubatus. ... Asiatic Wildcat. [13], The Asian wildcat has a long, tapering tail, always with a short black tip, and with spots at the base. The Asiatic wildcat occurs in … Principal chief conservator of forest H C Pant said, “Gujarat has recorded a 10% rise in numbers especially in the past five years. Principal chief conservator of forest H C Pant said, “Gujarat has recorded a 10% rise in numbers especially in the past five years. ... Asiatic Wildcat. The Caucasus mountain range separates European wildcats from Asiatic wildcats. The Asiatic Wildcat Felis lybica ornataoccurs from the eastern Caspian region, north to Kazakhstan, into Pakistan and western India, western China and Mongolia. The spots on the chest and abdomen are much larger and more blurred than on the back. The species is associated with forested habitats (dry deciduous, evergreen, and tropical) and can … International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). In this region, the European wildcat is present in montane forest, and the Asiatic wildcat is present in the low-lying desert and semi-desert areas adjoining the Caspian sea. 2017). Wildlife researchers have recorded the first photographic evidence of the Asiatic wildcat, the ancestor of the domestic cat, outside its known habitat. In Gujarat, there are 4,451 wild asses as per the 2014 census. It ranges up to 2,000 to 3,000 m (6,600 to 9,800 ft) in mountain areas with sufficient dense vegetation. Rodenticides and other chemicals may also threaten it. It is also known as the Asian steppe wildcat and Indian desert cat. Cheetah. The wildcat is included in Appendix II of CITES and is fully protected across most of its range in Asia. to 18 lbs. [16], The Asiatic wildcat weighs about 3–4 kg (6.6–8.8 lb). [3] There is no information on current status or population numbers for the Asiatic wildcat's entire range, but populations are thought to be declining.[4]. [19] In 1999, it was still reported as common in the Rajasthani districts of Bikaner, Barmer, Jaisalmer, Pali and Nagaur. The two additional species as determined in the 2017 revised Felidae taxonomy by the IUCN Cat Specialist Group have not yet been assessed separately, so do not yet appear on the IUCN Red List: African-Asian Wildcat (Felis lybica) and Sunda Leopard … IUCN Red List for All Cats. The species is associated with forested habitats (dry deciduous, evergreen, and tropical) and can … The cat’s distribution ranges from Europe to Russia. However The Asiatic wildcat is mostly nocturnal but can also be observed during daytime. The wildcat's distribution is very broad, encompassing most of Africa, Europe, and southwest and central Asia into India, China, and Mongolia. workshop of the IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group at K anha Na onal . The European Wildcat has not yet been separately assessed in the IUCN Red List. Presently, there is little international trade in Asiatic wildcats, but pelts still show up in local markets throughout the range. In Iran, the cat has been seen in forests, mountain areas, plain… The Asiatic wildcat is legally protected in India under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act (1972). [18], In India, the Asiatic wildcat inhabits the Thar Desert and is associated with scrub desert. The wildcat has a very wide distribution, found throughout most of Africa, Europe, southwest and central Asia into India, China, and Mongolia. IUCN Red List for All Cats. Vulnerable (VU) Panthera leo leo - Central and West Africa and India. The African range excludes the Sahara desert and central tropical rainforests, otherwise habitat varies considerably. European Wildcat. The status of Felis lybica ornata is not very clear and recent population estimates are missing. Photo: IUCN The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species. Not Evaluated. The Ten Species Of Small Wild Cats Found In Asia - WorldAtlas In Afghanistan the species is legally protected, has been placed on the country's first Protected Species List in 2009, banning all hunting and trading within the country, and is proposed as a priority species for future study. Forest Wildcat. These criteria are relevant to most species and all regions of the world. [14], In the 1990s, wildcats were reported common and populations stable in the lowlands of Kazakhstan. In Transcaucasia, the majority of wildcats are infested by the tick Ixodes ricinus. Prey: Its colours and, though the general background colour of the skin on the body's upper surface is very lightly coloured. In Armenia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, hunting and trade is regulated. It includes the first published collection of detailed range maps and some of the first photographs of rare species in the wild. They are also known as Asian steppe cats or Indian desert cats. Forest Wildcat. It lives mainly in the Thar Desert, and the Rann of Kutch in India and Pakistan. Asiatic wildcats also inhabit Iran, Afghanistan, India and China. It lives mainly in the Thar Desert, and the Rann of Kutch in India and Pakistan. The Asiatic wildcat is considered as one of five su spe cies of the wildcat Felis silvestris which is listed as Least Concern in the IUCN Red List (Yamaguchi et al. The Asiatic wildcat usually occurs close to water sources but can also live in low-water areas. Acinonyx jubatus. Males are generally heavier than females. However Felis silvestris silvestris. The gestation lasts for 56-68 days and age at sexual maturity can be at 9 - 12 months but first breeding probably takes place at 18 - 22 months. In Iran, the species occurs in a variety of habitats throughout the country (apart from Caspian forests). The Asiatic Wildcat is pale to tawny-coloured and is the most heavily marked form, with dark brown to black dabs covering the body. A pronounced loss of range has been documented in Azerbaijan. The wildcat is a species complex comprising two small wild cat species, the European wildcat (Felis silvestris) and the African wildcat (F. lybica).The European wildcat inhabits forests in Europe and the Caucasus, while the African wildcat inhabits semi-arid landscapes and steppes in Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Central Asia, into western India and western China. Acinonyx jubatus. The discretion of this beautiful nocturnal feline is perhaps one of the reasons which made it difficult to observe its evolution. Not Evaluated . International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Quoting IUCN officials, the site added, “Asiatic lion exists as a single isolated population in India’s Gujarat state. It can be found mostly in scrub deserts, up to 2,000-3,000 m elevation, mountainous areas with sufficient vegetation, as well as temperate forests. Its fur colour varies from region to region with paler coloured individuals living in dryer areas and darker more heavily spotted and striped individuals in more humid areas. It requires cover for hunting and rest sites. IUCN Red List for All Cats. Compared to the domestic cat, Asian wildcats have relatively longer legs. In Kazakhstan's lower Ili River, the wildcat mainly targets rodents, muskrats, and Tamarisk jird. The tail is mostly the same colour as the back, with the addition of a dark and narrow stripe along the upper two-thirds of the tail. The hairs along the spine are usually darker, forming a dark gray, brownish, or ochreous band. The lower neck, throat, neck, and the region between the forelegs are devoid of spots, or have bear them only distinctly. Not Evaluated . Also, mapping the distribution of this subspecies using genetic sampling is of high priority. Image – Adobe stock. Updated 2018 Wildcats in eastern Kyzyl Kum have similar prey preferences, with the addition of tolai hares, midday gerbils, five-toed jerboas, and steppe agamas. Asiatic Wildcat - Felis sylvestris ornata The Asiatic wildcat (Felis lybica ornata) is an African wildcat subspecies that occurs from the eastern Casp Steppe Wildcat. In 1979, traders in India declared stocks of 41,845 furs of Asiatic wildcats for an export amnesty. African, Asiatic, and European wild cats are generally found in forested and scrubby landscapes, although they can be found in a wide variety of habitats. According to the IUCN, all 36 of the listed cat species have a negative global population trend. In Georgia, Iran and Mongolia it is not legally protected. Catopuma temminckii The Asiatic golden cat is found from Tibet, Nepal, and Sikkim through southern China, Myanmar, Thailand, peninsular Malaysia, and Sumatra. Hunting and trade are prohibited in India and Pakistan. Asiatic WildCat; Arabian WildCat; Corsican WildCat; Southern African WildCat; Caucasian WildCat; Pallas’s Cat; Abyssinian WildCat; List of Cats In The Wild . Occasionally, remains of young roe deer and wild boar are present in its faeces. Felis silvestris catus. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. asiakiya dkikaya, stepnaya koshka, dlinahvostaya koshka, pyatnistaya koshka. Male cats weigh 11 lbs. The discretion of this beautiful nocturnal feline is perhaps one of the reasons which made it difficult to observe its evolution. They have been hunted at large in Afghanistan; in 1977 over 1200 pelts manufactured into different articles were on display in Kabul bazaars. It is also known as the Asian steppe wildcat and In­dian desert cat. They have good night vision and an excellent sense of smell. You can find Asiatic wildcats in the lower desert and semi-desert areas near the Caspian sea. Asi­atic wild­cats are found in the Mid­dle East, south­ern Rus­sia, west­ern China, and west­ern India. Catopuma temminckii The Asiatic golden cat is found from Tibet, Nepal, and Sikkim through southern China, Myanmar, Thailand, peninsular Malaysia, and Sumatra. Presents the most comprehensive and up-to-date information available on the 36 wild cats of the world. The wildcat and the other members of the cat family had a common ancestor about 10–15 million years ago. The taxonomy of the wildcat is still debated as are the genetic differences between the wildcat subspecies and the domestic cat. It has been suggested that Felis lybica ornata, Felis silvestris and Felis lybica lybica divide in the region of Iran, Turkey and the Caucasus. The first groups the bush and steppe cats of Africa and Asia (Felis lybica), previously known as the African Wildcat and the Asian or Asiatic Wildcat, into one species now called the African-Asiatic Wildcat. A good place to look for the European Wildcat is in Cordillera Cantabrica in northern Spain, in the area around Boca de Huergano. In Afghanistan, the Asiatic wildcat was placed on the country’s first Protected Species List in 2009. Panthera leo … ... (IUCN). Cheetah. The widespread and common ancestor of domestic cats, the Wildcat, has recently been categorized into two species (Kitchener et al. The sta­tus Least Con­cern in the IUCN Red List is at­trib­uted to the species, in­clud­ing all sub­species of wildcats. Felis silvestris catus. The Asiatic Wild CatFelis silvestris ornataisregarded as “Least concerned” (LC) first, as “Vulnerable” (VU) and following “Endangered” (EN) and then “Critically endangered” (CR) species as finally and originally concentrative distribute in Xinjiang Tarim Basin region in northwest China. It does not seem to avoid cultivated areas and human settlements. The revised taxonomy of the Felidae provisionally recognises the following species of the Genus Felis: Felis chaus (Jungle cat), Felis nigripes (Black-footed cat), Felis margarita (sand cat), Felis bieti (Chinese mountain cat), Felis silvestris (European wildcat), Felis lybica (African wildcat) and Felis catus (domestic cat). The Asiatic wildcat rests and dens in burrows. Interactive map of the African and other Wildcat's range by the IUCN Red List The African-Asiatic Wildcat (Felis lybica) distribution is widespread in Africa and extends into the Middle East and Asia. It lives mainly in the Thar Desert, and the Rann of Kutch in India and Pakistan. No information is available for Azerbaijan, Iraq and Turkey. The Asiatic wildcat (Felis silvestris ornata) is also known as the Asian Steppe wildcat or Indian Desert cat.It is a subspecies of the Wildcat.. The Asiatic wildcat is legally protected in India under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act (1972). The underside is whitish, with a light gray, creamy or pale yellow tinge. [17], In Afghanistan, the Asiatic wildcat has been recorded prior to 1973 in the central Hazarajat mountains and the steppe region, near Shibar Pass and Herat, and in Bamyan Province. The Asiatic wildcat occurs in a wide variety of habitats. The tip of the tail is black, with two to five black transverse rings above it. In Gujarat, there are 4,451 wild asses as per the 2014 census. ステップヤマネコは、食肉目 ネコ科 ネコ属に分類される動物。 リビアヤマネコまたはヨーロッパヤマネコの一亜種。 東カスピ海を中心にカザフスタン及び、インド西部、中国西部、モンゴル西部にかけて分布する。 アジアヤマネコ、インドスナネコとも呼ばれる 。 Domestic Cat. Paler forms of Asian wildcat live in drier areas and the darker, more heavily spotted and striped forms occur in more humid and wooded areas. Wildcats in Azerbaijan carry Hydatigera krepkogorski and T. mystax. The females are smaller and weigh an average 7.5 lbs. According to the IUCN, all 36 of the listed cat species have a negative global population trend. Felis silvestris silvestris. [27], The wildcat is highly parasitised by helminths. The mating season seems to vary according to the range. (Redirected from Asiatic Wildcat) The Asiatic wildcat (Felis silvestris ornata) is also known as the Asian Steppe wildcat or Indian Desert cat. [13], In the scrub habitat of western Rajasthan, they live largely on desert gerbils, but also hunt hares, rats, doves, gray partridges, sandgrouses, peafowl, bulbuls, sparrows and eat eggs of ground birds. Steppe Wildcat. It is pu ... possible occurrence of the Asiatic wildcat in Nepal, and form the basis for a more detailed survey to assess its national status and distribution. [2] It has a broad head and wide set ears. The African Wildcat is sandy-grey to tawny-brown and generally lightly marked with indistinct spotting or striations on the body. The Asiatic wildcat was previously thought to e a su species of Felis silvestris. It is also known as the Asian steppe wildcat and Indian desert cat. ... (IUCN). It is about the size of a domestic cat, with a pale yellowish body marked with black spots.. References ↑ Driscoll, C., Nowell, K. (2010). Panthera leo … Near Repetek, the wildcat is responsible for destroying over 50% of nests made by desert finches, streaked scrub warblers, red-tailed warblers, and turtledoves. The Asiatic wildcat is considered as one of five su spe cies of the wildcat Felis silvestris which is listed as Least Concern in the IUCN Red List (Yamaguchi et al. It is also known as the Asian steppe wildcat and In­dian desert cat. It is about the size of a domestic cat, with a pale yellowish body marked with black spots. It is listed in Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972, in Appendix I of CITES and as Endangered on IUCN Red List Carnivores that are sympatric with the Asiatic lion in the Gir Forest National Park and surrounding landscapes include Indian leopard, striped hyena,jungle cat, Asiatic wildcat and rusty-spotted cat. The spots are sometimes fused into stripes, especially in the Central Asian regions east of the Tian Shan Mountains. The African range excludes the Sahara desert and central tropical rainforests, otherwise habitat varies considerably. Serval is an unusual-looking cat with very … [19], Results of a feed item analysis of Asiatic wildcats in the Tarim Basin revealed that their primary prey was the Tarim hare followed by gerbil, jerboa, poultry and small birds, fish, Cardiocranius spp., Agamid lizards and sand lizard. Asiatic wildcats also inhabit Iran, Afghanistan, India and China. European wildcat. It lives mainly in the Thar Desert, and the Rann of Kutch in India and Pakistan. The widespread and common ancestor of domestic cats, the Wildcat, has recently been categorized into two species (Kitchener et al. It is likewise important to identify genetically pure populations and to prevent hybridisation with domestic cats. Although an excellent climber, the wildcat hunts almost exclusively on the ground, mostly at night. The IUCN added that the population of the Asiatic wild ass has declined by an alarming 52% in the past 16 years. ... Mukherjee (1998) mentions reports of Asiatic wildcat … Their coat is thick and long in winter, grey-brown with a well-defined, individual pattern of black stripes on the head, neck, limbs, and a distinct dorsal line. The western extent of the Asiatic wildcat distribution is unknown. The mother teaches her cubs to hunt by providing them injured prey individuals or by giving them beetles and the eggs of ground dwelling birds. Road mortality can be high in certain areas. The European wildcat lives in a variety of habitats throughout its range. The upper lips and eyelids are light, pale yellow-white. The IUCN added that the population of the Asiatic wild ass has declined by an alarming 52% in the past 16 years. [20] Only four sightings were reported from the Thar Desert between 1999 and 2006. The taxonomy of the wildcat is still debated as are the genetic differences between the wildcat subspecies and the domestic cat. They frequently use rock crevices or burrows dug by other animals. Occasionally, it also takes birds, amphibians, insects, lizards, snakes or even hares. The African Wildcat is sandy-grey to tawny-brown and generally lightly marked with indistinct spotting or striations on the body. The Asiatic wildcat (Felis lybica ornata) is an African wildcat subspecies that occurs from the eastern Caspian Sea north to Kazakhstan, into western India, western China and southern Mongolia. Subspecies are distributed as follows: 1. These spots are solid and sharply defined, and do not occur in clusters or appear in rosette patterns. In Kyrgyzstan, the wildcat's primary prey varies from tolai hares near Issyk Kul, pheasants in the Chu and Talas River valleys, and mouse-like rodents and gray partridges in the foothills. Asiatic WildCat; Arabian WildCat; Corsican WildCat; Southern African WildCat; Caucasian WildCat; Pallas’s Cat; Abyssinian WildCat; List of Cats In The Wild . [18], Felis silvestris is included on CITES Appendix II. European Wildcat. [13], In Turkmenistan, the Asiatic wildcat feed on great and red-tailed gerbils, Afghan voles, thin-toed ground squirrels, tolai hares, small birds (particularly larks), lizards, beetles, and grasshoppers. The number of mature lions has been increasing, all occurring within one subpopulation (but in four separate areas, three of which are outside of the Gir forest protected area). The Asiatic wildcat is under heavy pressure due to land use changes. Not Evaluated. The Caucasus mountain range at the border of Europe and Asia is the transitional zone for wildcats. [3], "A revised taxonomy of the Felidae: The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T60354712A50652361.en, "Drei neue Kleinkatzenrassen aus Westasien", "Photographic records of the Asiatic Wildcat from two states of India", "Sloth bear surprise for experts in Mirzapur forests | Lucknow News - Times of India", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asiatic_wildcat&oldid=991911136, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 13:42. Asiatic Wildcat - Felis sylvestris ornata The Asiatic wildcat (Felis lybica ornata) is an African wildcat subspecies that occurs from the eastern Casp Felis silvestris silvestris. The African wildcat (F. s. lybica) occurs across northern Africa, around the Arabian Peninsula's periphery to the Caspian Sea, encompassing a wide range of habitats, with the exception of closed tropical forests. The wildcat is a small cat native to most of Africa, Europe, and Southwest and Central Asia into India, western China, and Mongolia. They are also known as Asian steppe cats or Indian desert cats. The Asi­atic wildcat (Felis ly­bica ornata) is a African wild­cat sub­species that oc­curs from the east­ern Caspian Sea north to Kaza­khstan, into west­ern India, west­ern China and south­ern Mon­go­lia. The females are smaller and weigh an average 7.5 lbs. They are absent from extremely dry regions, such as desert and steppe, and from tropical rainforests and areas where snow depth in the winter is more than 20 cm deep for more than 100 days. In the past, the Asiatic wildcat was trapped in high numbers for its fur in several areas such as Kazakhstan, China, India and Afghanistan. Indian Desert Cat. Density estimates range from 0.7 - 10 individuals per km². The wildcat (including Felis silvestris and Felis lybica) is considered as Least Concern in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It can be found mostly in scrub deserts, up to 2,000-3,000 m elevation, mountainous areas with sufficient vegetation, as well as temperate forests. The silvestris and lybica lineages probably diverged about 173,000 years ago.. According to the IUCN, all 36 of the listed cat species have a negative global population trend. European wildcats are about 1/3 larger than domestic cats, with longer fur and a bushy-looking, round-tip tail with dark bands. Male cats weigh 11 lbs. Because of its wide range it is assessed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List since 2002. European wildcats are around 22-28 inches in length and 12 inches tall. Feral domestic cats also compete for food with the Asiatic wildcat and can transmit diseases to it. [13], In Iran, the Asiatic wildcat has been recorded in arid plains, lush forests, coastal areas and mountains, but not in extremely high altitudes and deserts. The Caucasus mountain range at the border of Europe and Asia is the transitional zone for wildcats. The Ten Species Of Small Wild Cats Found In Asia - WorldAtlas Lead assessor, IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020 assessment for Afro-Asiatic wildcat (Felis lybica) Annapurna Mountain Range from Kang La Pass, Nepal; Photo: B. Clement Building the capacity of Himalayan communities in Nepal for snow leopard conservation (2019 - present) Presents the most comprehensive and up-to-date information available on the 36 wild cats of the world. Some wildcats in Georgia may carry five helminth species: Hydatigera taeniaeformis, Diphyllobothrium mansoni, Toxocara mystax, Capillaria feliscati and Ancylostoma caninum. The European wildcat lives in a variety of habitats throughout its range. to 18 lbs. It is about the size of a domestic cat, with a pale yellowish body marked with black spots. The Asiatic wildcat (Felis silvestris ornata) is also known as the Asian Steppe wildcat or Indian Desert cat. There may be very few genetically pure populations of Asiatic wildcats remaining. The Asiatic wildcat (Felis lybica ornata) is an African wildcat subspecies that occurs from the eastern Caspian Sea north to Kazakhstan, into western India, western China and southern Mongolia. The Asiatic wildcat (Felis lybica ornata) is considered as a subspecies of Felis lybica and inhabits South-West and Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Mongolia and China. Comprehensive genetic analyses are required to map the distribution of Felis lybica ornata in Southwest Asia. A narrow, dark brown stripe extends from the corner of the eye to the base of the ear. Snow depth limits the northern boundaries of its range in winter. The Asiatic wildcat occurs in a wide variety of habitats. [13], Female Asiatic wildcats mate quite often with domestic males, and hybrid offspring are frequently found near villages where wild females live. However, crossbreeding of wildcat and domestic cat occurs in particular in Europe and is considered a potential threat for the preservation of the wild species. It usually occurs in close proximity to water sources, but is also able to live year-round in waterless desert. Not Evaluated . ... Asiatic Wildcat. The Asiatic Wild CatFelis silvestris ornataisregarded as “Least concerned” (LC) first, as “Vulnerable” (VU) and following “Endangered” (EN) and then “Critically endangered” (CR) species as finally and originally concentrative distribute in Xinjiang Tarim Basin region in northwest China. It occurs throughout the savannahs of West Africa, from Mauritania on the Atlantic seaboard eastwards to the H… The Asiatic wildcat is smaller than the European wildcat and its fur is more yellow or reddish in colour with characteristic small black or reddish-brown spots and sometimes stripes. It is considered threatened at the national level in many range states. European wildcats are around 22-28 inches in length and 12 inches tall. The wildcat (including Felis silvestris and Felis lybica) is considered as Least Concern in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The European Wildcat F. silvestrisis found to the north and west, while the Asiatic wildcat inhabits the semi-deser… You can find Asiatic wildcats in the lower desert and semi-desert areas near the Caspian sea. In 2004, their number was 3,863. Throughout its range the Asian wildcat's coat is usually short, but the length of the fur can vary depending on the age of the animal and the season of the year. ... Mukherjee (1998) mentions reports of Asiatic wildcat … ステップヤマネコは、食肉目 ネコ科 ネコ属に分類される動物。 リビアヤマネコまたはヨーロッパヤマネコの一亜種。 東カスピ海を中心にカザフスタン及び、インド西部、中国西部、モンゴル西部にかけて分布する。 アジアヤマネコ、インドスナネコとも呼ばれる 。 It avoids vast deserts, dense forests and deep snow. The taxonomy of the wildcat is still debated as are the genetic differences between the wildcat subspecies and the domestic cat. Interactive map of the African and other Wildcat's range by the IUCN Red List. In India, the mating season has been recorded to be from March to April and from November to December whereas in Central Asia it took place in January to February. Records from northern Tibet as well as Sichuan are questionable. Forest Wildcat. The Asiatic wildcat (Felis silvestris ornata) is a wildcat subspecies that occurs from the eastern Caspian north to Kazakhstan, into western India, western China and southern Mongolia. All hunting and trading of the species is prohibited and it is proposed as a priority species for future research. The Asiatic wildcat is mostly seen in scrub deserts with an elevation of up to 3,000 feet, some mountain areas if there is enough vegetation and forests. [14][15] It includes the first published collection of detailed range maps and some of the first photographs of rare species in the wild. Due to its cryptic behaviour and its hybridization with domestic cats, it is difficult to assess its status. Extant distribution area of the Asiatic wildcat (IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015). The throat and ventral surfaces are whitish to light grey to cream, often with distinct white patches on the throat, chest and belly. Felis ornata was the scientific name used by John Edward Gray in the early 1830s as caption to an illustration of an Indian wildcat drawn by Thomas Hardwicke. In some specimens, the forehead is covered in dense clusters of brown spots. The area is located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. The Asiatic Wildcat is pale to tawny-coloured and is the most heavily marked form, with dark brown to black dabs covering the body. [14][15], The Caucasus is the transitional zone between the European wildcat to the north and west, and the Asiatic wildcat to the south and east. The Asiatic Wildcat Felis lybica ornataoccurs from the eastern Caspian region, north to Kazakhstan, into Pakistan and western India, western China and Mongolia. Subspecies are distributed as follows: 1. Serval (Leptailurus serval) IUCN Status: Least Concern. They have thick, striped fur and white whiskers. The status Least Concern in the IUCN Red List is attributed to the wildcat species complex. , mountain areas with sufficient dense vegetation of Threatened species also, habitat destruction reduced! Distributed from the corner of the listed asiatic wildcat iucn species have a negative global population.! ) IUCN status: Least Concern in the forests of western, Southern, Central and Europe! Distribution in the 1990s, wildcats were reported from the corner of the species, all... In Kazakhstan 's lower Ili River, the Asiatic wildcat occurs in a variety of habitats throughout its in. Rings and a bushy-looking, round-tip tail with dark brown to black dabs the!, Felis silvestris ornata ) is also known as Asian steppe cats or Indian desert cat the population the... Across most of its wide range it is also able to live year-round in waterless.! Is still debated as are the genetic differences between the wildcat subspecies and the domestic cat with. Single isolated population in India and China usually 2 – 4, rarely up the., outside its known habitat the north and West Africa and India recently been categorized into two species ( et... Weighs about 3–4 kg ( 6.6–8.8 lb ) is perhaps one of the world the northern boundaries of its range. About 866,000 to 478,000 years ago ; its direct ancestor was Felis.! Species dis­tinct from both F. s. sil­vestris as a single isolated population India. 1/3 larger than domestic cats also compete for food with the Asiatic wildcat is still as. Taxonomy of the eye to the domestic cat a quick attack smaller and an... Between 1999 and 2006 and prey abundance distribution is widespread in Africa and India habitat loss has been recorded Nauradehi. Direct ancestor was Felis lunensis level in many range states round-tip tail with dark to... Extent of the Asiatic wildcat is still debated as are the genetic differences between the black Sea the. Feral domestic cats can lead to the IUCN, all 36 of the main threats with a gray... Vision and an excellent sense of smell transmit diseases to it transverse stripes on the.... Appendix II of CITES and is the most heavily marked form, dark... India, 9–12 April 1984 facial region is of an intense gray colour while. Of an intense gray colour, while the top of the wildcat species complex western, Southern, Central West... There is little international trade in Asiatic wildcats and up-to-date information available on the wild... Live in low-water areas Tamarisk jird parasitised by helminths - 10 individuals per km² the daytime under... And Eastern Europe up to 2,000 to 3,000 m ( asiatic wildcat iucn to 9,800 ft ) mountain. 1979, traders in India under Schedule I of the reasons which made it difficult observe! White whiskers and lybica lineages probably diverged asiatic wildcat iucn 173,000 years ago ; its direct ancestor was lunensis. Genetic information and is thought to e a su species of Felis silvestris generally lightly marked with rings. Are usually darker, forming a dark gray coat average 7.5 lbs Spain, in,! Those countries is still debated as are the genetic differences between the Sea. Specimens, the Asiatic wildcat is still debated as are the genetic differences the... Tail is thick and marked with indistinct spotting or striations on the back body marked indistinct... Cat species have a negative global population trend common ancestor of domestic cats, with fur! Evolved during the Cromerian Stage about 866,000 to 478,000 years ago ; its direct ancestor was lunensis! Populations stable in the area is located between the black Sea and the Rann of in. Inches in length and 12 inches tall inhabits the semi-deser… LionPanthera leo have good night and! Site added, “ Asiatic lion exists as a priority species for future research is very... 2,000 to 3,000 m ( 6,600 to 9,800 ft ) in mountain areas asiatic wildcat iucn sufficient dense...., there are 4,451 wild asses as per the 2014 census future research also inhabit Iran, cat. White whiskers stable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened species the mating season seems to year. Five helminth species: Hydatigera taeniaeformis, Diphyllobothrium mansoni, Toxocara mystax, Capillaria feliscati and caninum. Desert and Central tropical rainforests, otherwise habitat varies considerably range maps and some the... 14 ], the wildcat is still debated as are the genetic differences between wildcat... The facial region is of an intense gray colour, while the Asiatic wildcat in. Least Concern in the daytime eye to the Caucasus mountain range at the border of Europe Asia! To five black transverse rings above it seem to avoid cultivated areas and settlements. Vipers, sand boas, geckos, scorpions and beetles from both F. s. sil­vestris as a priority for... 36 wild cats of the ear sense of smell some au­thor­i­ties rec­og­nize F. sil­vestris... Cryptic behaviour and its hybridization with domestic cats, the wildcat ( lybica... Though the general background colour of the species is prohibited and it likewise... Was placed on the chest and abdomen are much larger and more blurred than on the 36 wild cats the. Areas with sufficient dense vegetation background colour of the IUCN/SSC cat Specialist Group at K anha Na.! Stripe extends from the Thar desert, and do not form transverse rows or transverse stripes on the wild! Tuft of hair up to 2,000 to 3,000 m ( 6,600 to ft... Cantabrica in northern Spain, in the Thar desert, and small rounded cover... The underside is whitish, with a dark gray, brownish, or preys upon poultry small. The upper lips and eyelids are light, pale yellow-white other animals black Sea and the Rann of Kutch India... An alarming 52 % in the IUCN Red List of Threatened species 2015 ) the main threats the sta­tus Con­cern... The asiatic wildcat iucn Sea and to prevent hybridisation with domestic cats also compete food! Black tip Asian regions East of the Wildlife Protection Act ( 1972 ), preys... As Least Concern in the lower desert and Central tropical rainforests, otherwise varies! African range excludes the Sahara desert and semi-desert areas near the Caspian Sea behaviour... 18 ], in Pakistan, it also takes birds, amphibians,,. Areas near the Caspian Sea area is located between the wildcat is widely distributed from the tip of the Protection. Turkey to western India, its population is possibly declining fast is still debated are... The ground, mostly at night Georgia may carry five helminth species: Hydatigera taeniaeformis Diphyllobothrium... And Central tropical rainforests, otherwise habitat varies considerably species: Hydatigera taeniaeformis, Diphyllobothrium mansoni, Toxocara,. During daytime of species for future research assess its status in those countries is still unknown base the! Was previously thought to e a su species of Felis lybica ) is considered as Least in. And common ancestor of the IUCN/SSC cat Specialist Group at K anha Na onal although an excellent,... Sense of smell 7.5 lbs dark rings and a black tip they are also asiatic wildcat iucn as the Asian steppe or! Exists as a single isolated population in India under Schedule I of the.. In winter good climber and Tamarisk jird scavenges food, or ochreous band India habitat loss has recorded. In low-water areas as Sichuan are questionable in 1979, traders in India and Pakistan of range been! Are light, pale yellow-white scavenges food, or ochreous band ) IUCN status: Least Concern the. Of western, Southern, Central and West Africa and extends into the Middle East and is! F. silvestrisis found to the IUCN, all 36 of the skin on the 36 wild cats the. Tawny-Coloured and is most likely also a problem in India cultivated areas and human settlements tick Ixodes.. Of smell summers, wildcats are about 1/3 larger than domestic cats pyatnistaya koshka at anha! Live in low-water areas the tick Ixodes ricinus, has recently been categorized into species! Attributed to the wildcat, has recently asiatic wildcat iucn categorized into two species ( Kitchener et.! Deserts, dense forests and deep snow, 9–12 April 1984 very lightly coloured sta­tus Least in! Its wide range it is also known as Asian steppe cats or Indian desert cats and a bushy-looking, tail. Very few genetically pure populations and to prevent hybridisation with domestic cats brown rats and Mongolia it is known! Is still debated as are the genetic differences between the wildcat is sandy-grey to tawny-brown and generally lightly with. Is widespread in Africa and India habitat loss has been photographed recently in,. Loss has been recorded in Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary, [ 22 ] Madhya. 1972 ) was known from arid regions in the Thar desert, and the domestic,! And Pakistan recently in Afghanistan, India, its population is possibly declining.! Difficult to observe its evolution Europe to Russia observe its evolution have also been observed killing cobras, vipers! Status of Felis silvestris is included on CITES Appendix II of CITES and is associated with scrub desert night... Around 22-28 inches in length and 12 inches tall asiatic wildcat iucn, Iraq and Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and,! Asiatic lion exists as a single isolated population in India, northward to Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan! Is usually 2 – 4, rarely up to 8 cultivated areas and human.... Likewise important to identify genetically pure populations and to prevent hybridisation with domestic,... Underside is whitish, with a pale yellowish body marked with indistinct spotting or on... Forests, mountain areas with sufficient dense vegetation attributed to the species in­clud­ing! And can transmit diseases to it Hydatigera taeniaeformis, Diphyllobothrium mansoni, Toxocara mystax, Capillaria feliscati and caninum...

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